A 2/3rds replica Burton style showmans waggon in progress.
The wheels on the completed waggon.
A genuine showman's, Burton style waggon dated from 1898, front repainted, lions head gutter spouts repaired and re-gilded, front steps built to suit and wheels restored.
wheel for the above waggon dismantled for restoration.
Elm stock from the above wheel undergoing work.
Left. re assembled with iron ring shrunk on, some new spokes and felloes (rim segments) replaced. ready for painting. The stock or nave (hub) is Elm, the spokes are Oak, and the felloes are Ash.
An old cart almost beyond repair, much of the wood rotten, virtually a rebuild using the old ironwork.

Most cart and waggon underworks incorporated a lot of Ash wood, fantastic functionally for its ability to absorb shock without fracturing (also used for hammer handles) but unfortunately not very resistant to decay outdoors, hence these are often the first parts to rot away.


The restored cart.
Various wheel mid restoration. Such wheels vary greatly in size, quality and strength, depending on their original use, but the basic principles of build and shape are the same. They are in fact more complex than you may initially think, the spokes and felloes have specific profiles to maximize on strength but still keep weight to a minimum, the way the spokes are jointed into the hub one end and into the felloe the other are quite specific in type and angle. The finished wheel for a cart or waggon will often have a distinct dish to achieve a stronger camber angle countering sideways movements common when pulled by horses over rougher ground,. The accuracy of each joint is important in maintaining a  true and even a shape as possible.

One of the features which many find most interesting is the way the iron tyre/rim is fitted. This is made slightly undersized, then expanding with heat, the iron then quickly hammered into place and quenched, shrinking again and pulling all the components of the wheel tightly together.